5G: How is our country currently? There are data from ANACOM

Deepak Gupta July 4, 2022
Updated 2022/07/04 at 2:33 PM

After the auction of 5G frequencies and other relevant bands, at the end of 2021, operators immediately began to provide service to this fifth-generation network.

Today ANACOM released a detailed report that reveals the status of 5G in Portugal. Find out how many Portuguese municipalities and parishes already have 5G coverage and how many base stations are installed.

With regard to the number of base stations already installed in the national territory with 5G technology, the total number, according to information reported to ANACOM until the end of the 1st half of 2022, amounts to 2918 stations spread over 198 municipalities (64% of the municipalities in the country) and 859 parishes (28% of the parishes in the country).

5G: How is our country currently?  There are data from ANACOM

NOS was the operator that so far installed the largest number of 5G stations, 1937 stations (66%), followed by Vodafone with 534 stations (18%) and MEO with 447 stations (15%).

Despite this evolution, if we consider the total number of existing stations (2G, 3G, 4G and 5G), we observe that NOS is the operator with the lowest number of stations, 10,267 stations (27% of the total), with the first place occupied by Vodafone, with 14,684 stations (38%), and 2nd place by MEO with 13,779 stations (36%).

5G: How is our country currently?  There are data from ANACOM

It should be noted that many of the 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G stations of each operator are located in the same location, so it is important to analyze the total number of locations where each operator has stations. Thus, it can be seen that Vodafone has stations in 5,019 locations, MEO in 4,883 locations and NOS in 3,553 locations.

The vast majority of 5G stations, 79% of the total, corresponding to 2,316 stations, are located in Predominantly Urban Areas. Only 11% (325 stations) are installed in Medium Urban Areas and 10% (277 stations) in Predominantly Rural Areas.

According to available information, it is estimated that, by the end of May, traffic carried over 5G networks will represent around 5.3% of total mobile data traffic.

Speeds (download and upload) on a 5G network

The best results in terms of download speed (average value of the tests) were observed in the municipality of Estarreja, with 871 Mbps; followed by the municipality of Moita, with 715 Mbps; and Vizela, with 690 Mbps.

5G: How is our country currently?  There are data from ANACOM

In terms of upload speed an average value of 44 Mbps was observed, that is, a value higher by 24 Mbps than that observed in the 4G tests, but lower by 61 Mbps than that observed in the Fixed Broadband tests. The best result, 127 Mbps, was also recorded in the municipality of Estarreja; in the municipalities of Portimão and Caminha, the second best performance was observed, with 111 Mbps.

5G: How is our country currently?  There are data from ANACOM

The average value in terms of latency stood at 26 ms, 9 ms less than that observed in the 4G tests, but 9 ms more than that observed in the Fixed Broadband tests. The best results in terms of lower latencies were recorded in Almeirim, with 13.8 ms; followed by Torres Novas, with 14.3 ms; and Santarém with 14.5 ms.

According to the 5G tests carried out, there are quite different situations regarding the characteristics of access to 5G available in the municipalities of the country that already have stations.

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