Portugal is the second European country with the highest number of confirmed cases of infection with the Monkeypox virus, just behind Spain, today indicates a report from the World Health Organization on this outbreak.
Monkeypox, from the family of the virus that causes smallpox, is spread from person to person through close contact with injuries, body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated materials.
Monkeypox: Portugal has 191 new cases
The data now released refer to confirmed cases reported to the WHO between 13 May and 8 June last, although the WHO recalls that since the beginning of the year, there were already 1,536 suspected cases reported in eight countries of the WHO African Region, of which 59 cases were confirmed and 72 deaths reported.
According to the WHO, as of 8 June, 1,285 laboratory-confirmed cases and one probable case had been reported to the WHO by 28 countries in four WHO regions where smallpox is not common or had not been previously reported.
The WHO says these numbers mean an increase of 505 laboratory-confirmed cases since the previous "Disease Outbreak News" report on June 4, 2022, when 780 cases were reported. However, as of June 8, 2022, there have been no associated deaths reported in these four regions.
As for Europe and in the period between May 13 and June 8, Spain (259) and Portugal (191) appear at the forefront of the number of confirmed cases, followed by Germany (113), France (66), the Netherlands (54), Italy (29) and Belgium (24).
To date, the WHO says, the clinical presentation of monkeypox cases associated with this outbreak has been variable. Many cases in this outbreak do not present the classically described clinical picture for monkeypox (fever, swollen lymph nodes, followed by a rash concentrated on the face and extremities).
The atypical features described include: presentation of few lesions or even a single lesion, lesions that start in the genital or perianal area and do not spread further, lesions that appear at different stages of development, and the appearance of lesions before the appearance of lymph nodes. swollen.
The modes of transmission during sexual contact remain unknown, although it is known that close physical contact can lead to transmission, it is not clear what role sexual bodily fluids, including semen and vaginal fluids, play in the transmission of the virus.